PHP与EXCEL PHPExcel

1、PHPExcel简介

PHPExcel 是用来操作Office Excel 文档的一个PHP类库,它基于微软的OpenXML标准和PHP语言。可以使用它来读取、写入不同格式的电子表格,如 Excel (BIFF) .xls, Excel 2007 (OfficeOpenXML) .xlsx, CSV, Libre/OpenOffice Calc .ods, Gnumeric, PDF, HTML等等。

2、EXCEL导出文件

include 'PHPExcel.php';include 'PHPExcel/Writer/Excel2007.php';//或者include 'PHPExcel/Writer/Excel5.php'; 用于输出.xls的创建一个excel$objPHPExcel = new PHPExcel();保存excel—2007格式$objWriter = new PHPExcel_Writer_Excel2007($objPHPExcel);//或者$objWriter = new PHPExcel_Writer_Excel5($objPHPExcel); 非2007格式$objWriter->save("xxx.xlsx");直接输出到浏览器$objWriter = new PHPExcel_Writer_Excel5($objPHPExcel);header("Pragma; public");header("Expires; 0″);header("Cache-Control;must-revalidate, post-check=0, pre-check=0″);header("Content-Type;application/force-download");header("Content-Type;application/vnd.ms-execl");header("Content-Type;application/octet-stream");header("Content-Type;application/download");;header('Content-Disposition;attachment;filename="resume.xls"');header("Content-Transfer-Encoding;binary");$objWriter->save('php;//output');——————————————————————————————————————–设置excel的属性:创建人$objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setCreator("Maarten Balliauw");最后修改人$objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setLastModifiedBy("Maarten Balliauw");标题$objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setTitle("Office 2007 XLSX Test Document");题目$objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setSubject("Office 2007 XLSX Test Document");描述$objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setDescription("Test document for Office 2007 XLSX, generated using PHP classes.");关键字$objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setKeywords("office 2007 openxml php");种类$objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setCategory("Test result file");——————————————————————————————————————–设置当前的sheet$objPHPExcel->setActiveSheetIndex(0);设置sheet的name$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setTitle('Simple');设置单元格的值$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('A1', 'String');$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('A2', 12);$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('A3', true);$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('C5', '=SUM(C2;C4)');$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('B8', '=MIN(B2;C5)');合并单元格$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->mergeCells('A18;E22');分离单元格$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->mergeCells('A18;E22');$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->mergeCells('A28;B28');$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->unmergeCells('A28;B28');保护cell$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getProtection()->setSheet(true); // Needs to be set to true in order to enable any worksheet protection!$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->protectCells('A3;E13', 'PHPExcel');设置格式// Set cell number formatsecho date('H;i;s') . " Set cell number formats\n";$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('E4')->getNumberFormat()->setFormatCode(PHPExcel_Style_NumberFormat;;FORMAT_CURRENCY_EUR_SIMPLE);$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->duplicateStyle( $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('E4'), 'E5;E13' );设置宽width// Set column widths$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getColumnDimension('B')->setAutoSize(true);$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getColumnDimension('D')->setWidth(12);设置font$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('B1')->getFont()->setName('Candara');$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('B1')->getFont()->setSize(20);$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('B1')->getFont()->setBold(true);$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('B1')->getFont()->setUnderline(PHPExcel_Style_Font;;UNDERLINE_SINGLE);$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('B1')->getFont()->getColor()->setARGB(PHPExcel_Style_Color;;COLOR_WHITE);$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('E1')->getFont()->getColor()->setARGB(PHPExcel_Style_Color;;COLOR_WHITE);$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('D13')->getFont()->setBold(true);$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('E13')->getFont()->setBold(true);设置align$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('D11')->getAlignment()->setHorizontal(PHPExcel_Style_Alignment;;HORIZONTAL_RIGHT);$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('D12')->getAlignment()->setHorizontal(PHPExcel_Style_Alignment;;HORIZONTAL_RIGHT);$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('D13')->getAlignment()->setHorizontal(PHPExcel_Style_Alignment;;HORIZONTAL_RIGHT);$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('A18')->getAlignment()->setHorizontal(PHPExcel_Style_Alignment;;HORIZONTAL_JUSTIFY);//垂直居中$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('A18')->getAlignment()->setVertical(PHPExcel_Style_Alignment;;VERTICAL_CENTER);设置column的border$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('A4')->getBorders()->getTop()->setBorderStyle(PHPExcel_Style_Border;;BORDER_THIN);$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('B4')->getBorders()->getTop()->setBorderStyle(PHPExcel_Style_Border;;BORDER_THIN);$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('C4')->getBorders()->getTop()->setBorderStyle(PHPExcel_Style_Border;;BORDER_THIN);$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('D4')->getBorders()->getTop()->setBorderStyle(PHPExcel_Style_Border;;BORDER_THIN);$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('E4')->getBorders()->getTop()->setBorderStyle(PHPExcel_Style_Border;;BORDER_THIN);设置border的color$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('D13')->getBorders()->getLeft()->getColor()->setARGB('FF993300');$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('D13')->getBorders()->getTop()->getColor()->setARGB('FF993300');$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('D13')->getBorders()->getBottom()->getColor()->setARGB('FF993300');$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('E13')->getBorders()->getTop()->getColor()->setARGB('FF993300');$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('E13')->getBorders()->getBottom()->getColor()->setARGB('FF993300');$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('E13')->getBorders()->getRight()->getColor()->setARGB('FF993300');设置填充颜色$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('A1')->getFill()->setFillType(PHPExcel_Style_Fill;;FILL_SOLID);$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('A1')->getFill()->getStartColor()->setARGB('FF808080');$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('B1')->getFill()->setFillType(PHPExcel_Style_Fill;;FILL_SOLID);$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('B1')->getFill()->getStartColor()->setARGB('FF808080');加图片$objDrawing = new PHPExcel_Worksheet_Drawing();$objDrawing->setName('Logo');$objDrawing->setDescription('Logo');$objDrawing->setPath('./images/officelogo.jpg');$objDrawing->setHeight(36);$objDrawing->setWorksheet($objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet());$objDrawing = new PHPExcel_Worksheet_Drawing();$objDrawing->setName('Paid');$objDrawing->setDescription('Paid');$objDrawing->setPath('./images/paid.png');$objDrawing->setCoordinates('B15');$objDrawing->setOffsetX(110);$objDrawing->setRotation(25);$objDrawing->getShadow()->setVisible(true);$objDrawing->getShadow()->setDirection(45);$objDrawing->setWorksheet($objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet());在默认sheet后,创建一个worksheetecho date('H;i;s') . " Create new Worksheet object\n";$objPHPExcel->createSheet();
3、EXCEL导入

require_once 'PHPExcel/IOFactory.php';$inputFileName = 'ceshi.xls';$objReader = new PHPExcel_Reader_Excel5();$objPHPExcel = $objReader->load($inputFileName);$sheet = $objPHPExcel->getSheet(0);$highestRow = $sheet->getHighestRow(); // 取得总行数$highestColumn = $sheet->getHighestColumn(); // 取得总列数$tempArray = array();for($j=2;$j<=$highestRow;$j++){   for($k='A';$k<=$highestColumn;$k++){     if($k=='M'$k=='O') //M列和O列是时间		$tempArray[] = excelTime($objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getCell("$k$j")->getValue());	else		$tempArray[] = $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getCell("$k$j")->getValue();	}	print_r($tempArray);	unset($tempArray);}function excelTime($date, $time = false) {	if(function_exists('GregorianToJD')){		if (is_numeric( $date )) {		$jd = GregorianToJD( 1, 1, 1970 );		$gregorian = JDToGregorian( $jd + intval ( $date ) - 25569 );		$date = explode( '/', $gregorian );		$date_str = str_pad( $date [2], 4, '0', STR_PAD_LEFT )		."-". str_pad( $date [0], 2, '0', STR_PAD_LEFT )		."-". str_pad( $date [1], 2, '0', STR_PAD_LEFT )		. ($time ? " 00:00:00" : '');		return $date_str;		}	}else{		$date=$date>25568?$date+1:25569;		/*There was a bug if Converting date before 1-1-1970 (tstamp 0)*/		$ofs=(70 * 365 + 17+2) * 86400;		$date = date("Y-m-d",($date * 86400) - $ofs).($time ? " 00:00:00" : '');	}  return $date;}





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郑重声明:本文版权归原作者所有,转载文章仅为传播更多信息之目的,如作者信息标记有误,请第一时间联系我们修改或删除,多谢。

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