详解如何利用C#实现汉字转拼音功能

实践过程

效果

详解如何利用C#实现汉字转拼音功能

代码

public partial class Form1 : Form
{
    public Form1()
    {
        InitializeComponent();
    }
    //建立一个公共类,用于转换汉字
    public class ChnToPh
    {
        //定义拼音区编码数组
        private static int[] getValue = new int[]
        {
            -20319,-20317,-20304,-20295,-20292,-20283,-20265,-20257,-20242,-20230,-20051,-20036,
            -20032,-20026,-20002,-19990,-19986,-19982,-19976,-19805,-19784,-19775,-19774,-19763,
            -19756,-19751,-19746,-19741,-19739,-19728,-19725,-19715,-19540,-19531,-19525,-19515,
            -19500,-19484,-19479,-19467,-19289,-19288,-19281,-19275,-19270,-19263,-19261,-19249,
            -19243,-19242,-19238,-19235,-19227,-19224,-19218,-19212,-19038,-19023,-19018,-19006,
            -19003,-18996,-18977,-18961,-18952,-18783,-18774,-18773,-18763,-18756,-18741,-18735,
            -18731,-18722,-18710,-18697,-18696,-18526,-18518,-18501,-18490,-18478,-18463,-18448,
            -18447,-18446,-18239,-18237,-18231,-18220,-18211,-18201,-18184,-18183, -18181,-18012,
            -17997,-17988,-17970,-17964,-17961,-17950,-17947,-17931,-17928,-17922,-17759,-17752,
            -17733,-17730,-17721,-17703,-17701,-17697,-17692,-17683,-17676,-17496,-17487,-17482,
            -17468,-17454,-17433,-17427,-17417,-17202,-17185,-16983,-16970,-16942,-16915,-16733,
            -16708,-16706,-16689,-16664,-16657,-16647,-16474,-16470,-16465,-16459,-16452,-16448,
            -16433,-16429,-16427,-16423,-16419,-16412,-16407,-16403,-16401,-16393,-16220,-16216,
            -16212,-16205,-16202,-16187,-16180,-16171,-16169,-16158,-16155,-15959,-15958,-15944,
            -15933,-15920,-15915,-15903,-15889,-15878,-15707,-15701,-15681,-15667,-15661,-15659,
            -15652,-15640,-15631,-15625,-15454,-15448,-15436,-15435,-15419,-15416,-15408,-15394,
            -15385,-15377,-15375,-15369,-15363,-15362,-15183,-15180,-15165,-15158,-15153,-15150,
            -15149,-15144,-15143,-15141,-15140,-15139,-15128,-15121,-15119,-15117,-15110,-15109,
            -14941,-14937,-14933,-14930,-14929,-14928,-14926,-14922,-14921,-14914,-14908,-14902,
            -14894,-14889,-14882,-14873,-14871,-14857,-14678,-14674,-14670,-14668,-14663,-14654,
            -14645,-14630,-14594,-14429,-14407,-14399,-14384,-14379,-14368,-14355,-14353,-14345,
            -14170,-14159,-14151,-14149,-14145,-14140,-14137,-14135,-14125,-14123,-14122,-14112,
            -14109,-14099,-14097,-14094,-14092,-14090,-14087,-14083,-13917,-13914,-13910,-13907,
            -13906,-13905,-13896,-13894,-13878,-13870,-13859,-13847,-13831,-13658,-13611,-13601,
            -13406,-13404,-13400,-13398,-13395,-13391,-13387,-13383,-13367,-13359,-13356,-13343,
            -13340,-13329,-13326,-13318,-13147,-13138,-13120,-13107,-13096,-13095,-13091,-13076,
            -13068,-13063,-13060,-12888,-12875,-12871,-12860,-12858,-12852,-12849,-12838,-12831,
            -12829,-12812,-12802,-12607,-12597,-12594,-12585,-12556,-12359,-12346,-12320,-12300,
            -12120,-12099,-12089,-12074,-12067,-12058,-12039,-11867,-11861,-11847,-11831,-11798,
            -11781,-11604,-11589,-11536,-11358,-11340,-11339,-11324,-11303,-11097,-11077,-11067,
            -11055,-11052,-11045,-11041,-11038,-11024,-11020,-11019,-11018,-11014,-10838,-10832,
            -10815,-10800,-10790,-10780,-10764,-10587,-10544,-10533,-10519,-10331,-10329,-10328,
            -10322,-10315,-10309,-10307,-10296,-10281,-10274,-10270,-10262,-10260,-10256,-10254
        };
        //定义拼音数组
        private static string[] getName = new string[]
        {
            "A","Ai","An","Ang","Ao","Ba","Bai","Ban","Bang","Bao","Bei","Ben",
            "Beng","Bi","Bian","Biao","Bie","Bin","Bing","Bo","Bu","Ba","Cai","Can",
            "Cang","Cao","Ce","Ceng","Cha","Chai","Chan","Chang","Chao","Che","Chen","Cheng",
            "Chi","Chong","Chou","Chu","Chuai","Chuan","Chuang","Chui","Chun","Chuo","Ci","Cong",
            "Cou","Cu","Cuan","Cui","Cun","Cuo","Da","Dai","Dan","Dang","Dao","De",
            "Deng","Di","Dian","Diao","Die","Ding","Diu","Dong","Dou","Du","Duan","Dui",
            "Dun","Duo","E","En","Er","Fa","Fan","Fang","Fei","Fen","Feng","Fo",
            "Fou","Fu","Ga","Gai","Gan","Gang","Gao","Ge","Gei","Gen","Geng","Gong",
            "Gou","Gu","Gua","Guai","Guan","Guang","Gui","Gun","Guo","Ha","Hai","Han",
            "Hang","Hao","He","Hei","Hen","Heng","Hong","Hou","Hu","Hua","Huai","Huan",
            "Huang","Hui","Hun","Huo","Ji","Jia","Jian","Jiang","Jiao","Jie","Jin","Jing",
            "Jiong","Jiu","Ju","Juan","Jue","Jun","Ka","Kai","Kan","Kang","Kao","Ke",
            "Ken","Keng","Kong","Kou","Ku","Kua","Kuai","Kuan","Kuang","Kui","Kun","Kuo",
            "La","Lai","Lan","Lang","Lao","Le","Lei","Leng","Li","Lia","Lian","Liang",
            "Liao","Lie","Lin","Ling","Liu","Long","Lou","Lu","Lv","Luan","Lue","Lun",
            "Luo","Ma","Mai","Man","Mang","Mao","Me","Mei","Men","Meng","Mi","Mian",
            "Miao","Mie","Min","Ming","Miu","Mo","Mou","Mu","Na","Nai","Nan","Nang",
            "Nao","Ne","Nei","Nen","Neng","Ni","Nian","Niang","Niao","Nie","Nin","Ning",
            "Niu","Nong","Nu","Nv","Nuan","Nue","Nuo","O","Ou","Pa","Pai","Pan",
            "Pang","Pao","Pei","Pen","Peng","Pi","Pian","Piao","Pie","Pin","Ping","Po",
            "Pu","Qi","Qia","Qian","Qiang","Qiao","Qie","Qin","Qing","Qiong","Qiu","Qu",
            "Quan","Que","Qun","Ran","Rang","Rao","Re","Ren","Reng","Ri","Rong","Rou",
            "Ru","Ruan","Rui","Run","Ruo","Sa","Sai","San","Sang","Sao","Se","Sen",
            "Seng","Sha","Shai","Shan","Shang","Shao","She","Shen","Sheng","Shi","Shou","Shu",
            "Shua","Shuai","Shuan","Shuang","Shui","Shun","Shuo","Si","Song","Sou","Su","Suan",
            "Sui","Sun","Suo","Ta","Tai","Tan","Tang","Tao","Te","Teng","Ti","Tian",
            "Tiao","Tie","Ting","Tong","Tou","Tu","Tuan","Tui","Tun","Tuo","Wa","Wai",
            "Wan","Wang","Wei","Wen","Weng","Wo","Wu","Xi","Xia","Xian","Xiang","Xiao",
            "Xie","Xin","Xing","Xiong","Xiu","Xu","Xuan","Xue","Xun","Ya","Yan","Yang",
            "Yao","Ye","Yi","Yin","Ying","Yo","Yong","You","Yu","Yuan","Yue","Yun",
            "Za", "Zai","Zan","Zang","Zao","Ze","Zei","Zen","Zeng","Zha","Zhai","Zhan",
            "Zhang","Zhao","Zhe","Zhen","Zheng","Zhi","Zhong","Zhou","Zhu","Zhua","Zhuai","Zhuan",
            "Zhuang","Zhui","Zhun","Zhuo","Zi","Zong","Zou","Zu","Zuan","Zui","Zun","Zuo"
       };
        //建立一个convertCh方法用于将汉字转换成全拼的拼音,其中,参数代表汉字字符串,此方法的返回值是转换后的拼音字符串
        public static string convertCh(string Chstr)
        {
            Regex reg= new Regex("^[\u4e00-\u9fa5]$");//验证是否输入汉字
            byte[] arr= new byte[2];
            string pystr = "";
            int asc = 0,M1 = 0,M2 = 0;
            char[] mChar = Chstr.ToCharArray();//获取汉字对应的字符数组
            for (int j = 0; j < mChar.Length; j++)
            {
                //如果输入的是汉字
                if (reg.IsMatch(mChar[j].ToString()))
                {
                    arr = System.Text.Encoding.Default.GetBytes(mChar[j].ToString());
                    M1 = (short)(arr[0]);
                    M2 = (short)(arr[1]);
                    asc = M1 * 256 + M2 - 65536;
                    if (asc > 0 && asc < 160)
                    {
                        pystr += mChar[j];
                    }
                    else
                    {
                        switch (asc)
                        {
                            case -9254:
                                pystr += "Zhen"; break;
                            case -8985: 
                                pystr += "Qian"; break;
                            case -5463:
                                pystr += "Jia"; break;
                            case -8274:
                                pystr += "Ge"; break;
                            case -5448:
                                pystr += "Ga"; break;
                            case -5447:
                                pystr += "La"; break;
                            case -4649:
                                pystr += "Chen"; break;
                            case -5436:
                                pystr += "Mao"; break;
                            case -5213:
                                pystr += "Mao"; break;
                            case -3597:
                                pystr += "Die"; break;
                            case -5659:
                                pystr += "Tian"; break;
                            default:
                                for (int i = (getValue.Length - 1); i >= 0; i--)
                                {
                                    if (getValue[i] <= asc)//判断汉字的拼音区编码是否在指定范围内
                                    {
                                        pystr += getName[i];//如果不超出范围则获取对应的拼音
                                        break;
                                    }
                                }
                                break;
                        } 
                    }
                }
                else//如果不是汉字
                {
                    pystr += mChar[j].ToString();//如果不是汉字则返回
                }
            }
            return pystr;//返回获取到的汉字拼音
        }
    }
    private void button1_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        txtpy.Text = ChnToPh.convertCh(txthz.Text);
    }
    private void button2_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        Application.Exit();
    }
}
partial class Form1
{
    /// <summary>
    /// 必需的设计器变量。
    /// </summary>
    private System.ComponentModel.IContainer components = null;
    /// <summary>
    /// 清理所有正在使用的资源。
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="disposing">如果应释放托管资源,为 true;否则为 false。</param>
    protected override void Dispose(bool disposing)
    {
        if (disposing && (components != null))
        {
            components.Dispose();
        }
        base.Dispose(disposing);
    }
    #region Windows 窗体设计器生成的代码
    /// <summary>
    /// 设计器支持所需的方法 - 不要
    /// 使用代码编辑器修改此方法的内容。
    /// </summary>
    private void InitializeComponent()
    {
        this.button1 = new System.Windows.Forms.Button();
        this.txthz = new System.Windows.Forms.TextBox();
        this.txtpy = new System.Windows.Forms.TextBox();
        this.label1 = new System.Windows.Forms.Label();
        this.label2 = new System.Windows.Forms.Label();
        this.button2 = new System.Windows.Forms.Button();
        this.SuspendLayout();
        // 
        // button1
        // 
        this.button1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(41, 109);
        this.button1.Name = "button1";
        this.button1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(75, 23);
        this.button1.TabIndex = 0;
        this.button1.Text = "转换";
        this.button1.UseVisualStyleBackColor = true;
        this.button1.Click += new System.EventHandler(this.button1_Click);
        // 
        // txthz
        // 
        this.txthz.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(82, 22);
        this.txthz.Name = "txthz";
        this.txthz.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(188, 21);
        this.txthz.TabIndex = 1;
        // 
        // txtpy
        // 
        this.txtpy.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(82, 64);
        this.txtpy.Name = "txtpy";
        this.txtpy.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(188, 21);
        this.txtpy.TabIndex = 2;
        // 
        // label1
        // 
        this.label1.AutoSize = true;
        this.label1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(13, 26);
        this.label1.Name = "label1";
        this.label1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(65, 12);
        this.label1.TabIndex = 3;
        this.label1.Text = "输入汉字:";
        // 
        // label2
        // 
        this.label2.AutoSize = true;
        this.label2.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(11, 68);
        this.label2.Name = "label2";
        this.label2.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(65, 12);
        this.label2.TabIndex = 4;
        this.label2.Text = "汉字拼音:";
        // 
        // button2
        // 
        this.button2.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(147, 109);
        this.button2.Name = "button2";
        this.button2.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(75, 23);
        this.button2.TabIndex = 5;
        this.button2.Text = "取消";
        this.button2.UseVisualStyleBackColor = true;
        this.button2.Click += new System.EventHandler(this.button2_Click);
        // 
        // Form1
        // 
        this.AutoScaleDimensions = new System.Drawing.SizeF(6F, 12F);
        this.AutoScaleMode = System.Windows.Forms.AutoScaleMode.Font;
        this.ClientSize = new System.Drawing.Size(282, 155);
        this.Controls.Add(this.button2);
        this.Controls.Add(this.label2);
        this.Controls.Add(this.label1);
        this.Controls.Add(this.txtpy);
        this.Controls.Add(this.txthz);
        this.Controls.Add(this.button1);
        this.FormBorderStyle = System.Windows.Forms.FormBorderStyle.FixedSingle;
        this.MaximizeBox = false;
        this.MinimizeBox = false;
        this.Name = "Form1";
        this.StartPosition = System.Windows.Forms.FormStartPosition.CenterScreen;
        this.Text = "汉字转拼音";
        this.ResumeLayout(false);
        this.PerformLayout();
    }
    #endregion
    private System.Windows.Forms.Button button1;
    private System.Windows.Forms.TextBox txthz;
    private System.Windows.Forms.TextBox txtpy;
    private System.Windows.Forms.Label label1;
    private System.Windows.Forms.Label label2;
    private System.Windows.Forms.Button button2;
}

以上就是详解如何利用C#实现汉字转拼音功能的详细内容,更多关于C#汉字转拼音的资料请关注龙方网络其它相关文章!

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郑重声明:本文版权归原作者所有,转载文章仅为传播更多信息之目的,如作者信息标记有误,请第一时间联系我们修改或删除,多谢。

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