c#(Socket)同步套接字代码示例

同步客户端套接字示例

下面的示例程序创建一个连接到服务器的客户端。该客户端是用同步套接字生成的,因此挂起客户端应用程序的执行,直到服务器返回响应为止。该应用程序将字符串发送到服务器,然后在控制台显示该服务器返回的字符串。

C#
using System;
using System.Net;
using System.Net.Sockets;
using System.Text;
public class SynchronousSocketClient {
public static void StartClient() {
// Data buffer for incoming data.
byte[] bytes = new byte[1024];
// Connect to a remote device.
try {
// Establish the remote endpoint for the socket.
// This example uses port 11000 on the local computer.
IPHostEntry ipHostInfo = Dns.Resolve(Dns.GetHostName())
IPAddress ipAddress = ipHostInfo.AddressList[0];
IPEndPoint remoteEP = new IPEndPoint(ipAddress,11000);
// Create a TCP/IP socket.
Socket sender = new Socket(AddressFamily.InterNetwork,
SocketType.Stream, ProtocolType.Tcp );
// Connect the socket to the remote endpoint. Catch any errors.
try {
sender.Connect(remoteEP);
Console.WriteLine("Socket connected to {0}",
sender.RemoteEndPoint.ToString());
// Encode the data string into a byte array.
byte[] msg = Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes("This is a test<EOF>");
// Send the data through the socket.
int bytesSent = sender.Send(msg);
// Receive the response from the remote device.
int bytesRec = sender.Receive(bytes);
Console.WriteLine("Echoed test = {0}",
Encoding.ASCII.GetString(bytes,0,bytesRec));
// Release the socket.
sender.Shutdown(SocketShutdown.Both);
sender.Close();
} catch (ArgumentNullException ane) {
Console.WriteLine("ArgumentNullException : {0}",ane.ToString());
} catch (SocketException se) {
Console.WriteLine("SocketException : {0}",se.ToString());
} catch (Exception e) {
Console.WriteLine("Unexpected exception : {0}", e.ToString());
}
} catch (Exception e) {
Console.WriteLine( e.ToString());
}
}
public static int Main(String[] args) {
StartClient();
return 0;
}
}
同步服务器套接字示例 下面的示例程序创建一个接收来自客户端的连接请求的服务器。该服务器是用同步套接字生成的,
因此在等待来自客户端的连接时挂起服务器应用程序的执行。该应用程序接收来自客户端的字符串,
在控制台显示该字符串,然后将该字符串回显到客户端。来自客户端的字符串必须包含字符串“<EOF>”,
以发出表示消息结尾的信号。








C#
复制代码

using System;
using System.Net;
using System.Net.Sockets;
using System.Text;
public class SynchronousSocketListener {
// Incoming data from the client.
public static string data = null;
public static void StartListening() {
// Data buffer for incoming data.
byte[] bytes = new Byte[1024];
// Establish the local endpoint for the socket.
// Dns.GetHostName returns the name of the
// host running the application.
IPHostEntry ipHostInfo = Dns.Resolve(Dns.GetHostName());
IPAddress ipAddress = ipHostInfo.AddressList[0];
IPEndPoint localEndPoint = new IPEndPoint(ipAddress, 11000);
// Create a TCP/IP socket.
Socket listener = new Socket(AddressFamily.InterNetwork,
SocketType.Stream, ProtocolType.Tcp );
// Bind the socket to the local endpoint and
// listen for incoming connections.
try {
listener.Bind(localEndPoint);
listener.Listen(10);
// Start listening for connections.
while (true) {
Console.WriteLine("Waiting for a connection...");
// Program is suspended while waiting for an incoming connection.
Socket handler = listener.Accept();
data = null;
// An incoming connection needs to be processed.
while (true) {
bytes = new byte[1024];
int bytesRec = handler.Receive(bytes);
data += Encoding.ASCII.GetString(bytes,0,bytesRec);
if (data.IndexOf("<EOF>") > -1) {
break;
}
}
// Show the data on the console.
Console.WriteLine( "Text received : {0}", data);
// Echo the data back to the client.
byte[] msg = Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes(data);
handler.Send(msg);
handler.Shutdown(SocketShutdown.Both);
handler.Close();
}
} catch (Exception e) {
Console.WriteLine(e.ToString());
}
Console.WriteLine("\nPress ENTER to continue...");
Console.Read();
}
public static int Main(String[] args) {
StartListening();
return 0;
}
}

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郑重声明:本文版权归原作者所有,转载文章仅为传播更多信息之目的,如作者信息标记有误,请第一时间联系我们修改或删除,多谢。

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