如何获取MSSQLServer,Oracel,Access中的数据字典信息

------------------------- MS SQLServer ------------------------------------------------------------ --表说明 SELECT dbo.sysobjects.name AS TableName, dbo.sysproperties.[value] AS TableDesc FROM dbo.sysproperties INNER JOIN dbo.sysobjects O

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------------------------- MS SQLServer ------------------------------------------------------------
--表说明
SELECT dbo.sysobjects.name AS TableName,
dbo.sysproperties.[value] AS TableDesc
FROM dbo.sysproperties INNER JOIN
dbo.sysobjects ON dbo.sysproperties.id = dbo.sysobjects.id
WHERE (dbo.sysproperties.smallid = 0)
ORDER BY dbo.sysobjects.name

--字段说明
SELECT dbo.sysobjects.name AS TableName, dbo.syscolumns.colid,
dbo.syscolumns.name AS ColName, dbo.sysproperties.[value] AS ColDesc
FROM dbo.sysproperties INNER JOIN
dbo.sysobjects ON dbo.sysproperties.id = dbo.sysobjects.id INNER JOIN
dbo.syscolumns ON dbo.sysobjects.id = dbo.syscolumns.id AND
dbo.sysproperties.smallid = dbo.syscolumns.colid
ORDER BY dbo.sysobjects.name, dbo.syscolumns.colid

--主键、外键信息(简化)
select
c_obj.name as CONSTRAINT_NAME
,t_obj.name as TABLE_NAME
,col.name as COLUMN_NAME
,case col.colid
when ref.fkey1 then 1
when ref.fkey2 then 2
when ref.fkey3 then 3
when ref.fkey4 then 4
when ref.fkey5 then 5
when ref.fkey6 then 6
when ref.fkey7 then 7
when ref.fkey8 then 8
when ref.fkey9 then 9
when ref.fkey10 then 10
when ref.fkey11 then 11
when ref.fkey12 then 12
when ref.fkey13 then 13
when ref.fkey14 then 14
when ref.fkey15 then 15
when ref.fkey16 then 16
end as ORDINAL_POSITION
from
sysobjects c_obj
,sysobjects t_obj
,syscolumns col
,sysreferences ref
where
permissions(t_obj.id) != 0
and c_obj.xtype in (F )
and t_obj.id = c_obj.parent_obj
and t_obj.id = col.id
and col.colid in
(ref.fkey1,ref.fkey2,ref.fkey3,ref.fkey4,ref.fkey5,ref.fkey6,
ref.fkey7,ref.fkey8,ref.fkey9,ref.fkey10,ref.fkey11,ref.fkey12,
ref.fkey13,ref.fkey14,ref.fkey15,ref.fkey16)
and c_obj.id = ref.constid
union
select
i.name as CONSTRAINT_NAME
,t_obj.name as TABLE_NAME
,col.name as COLUMN_NAME
,v.number as ORDINAL_POSITION
from
sysobjects c_obj
,sysobjects t_obj
,syscolumns col
,master.dbo.spt_values v
,sysindexes i
where
permissions(t_obj.id) != 0
and c_obj.xtype in (UQ ,PK)
and t_obj.id = c_obj.parent_obj
and t_obj.xtype = U
and t_obj.id = col.id
and col.name = index_col(t_obj.name,i.indid,v.number)
and t_obj.id = i.id
and c_obj.name = i.name
and v.number > 0
and v.number <= i.keycnt
and v.type = P

order by CONSTRAINT_NAME, ORDINAL_POSITION


--主键、外键对照(简化)
select
fc_obj.name as CONSTRAINT_NAME
,i.name as UNIQUE_CONSTRAINT_NAME
from
sysobjects fc_obj
,sysreferences r
,sysindexes i
,sysobjects pc_obj
where
permissions(fc_obj.parent_obj) != 0
and fc_obj.xtype = F
and r.constid = fc_obj.id
and r.rkeyid = i.id
and r.rkeyindid = i.indid
and r.rkeyid = pc_obj.id


------------------------------------------ ORACLE ----------------------------------------------------

--表信息
select * from all_tab_comments t
where owner=DBO

--列信息
select * from all_col_comments t
where owner=DBO

--主键、外键对照
select OWNER, CONSTRAINT_NAME, CONSTRAINT_TYPE, TABLE_NAME, R_OWNER, R_CONSTRAINT_NAME
from all_constraints
where owner=DBO and (Constraint_Type=P or Constraint_Type=R)


--主键、外键信息
select *
from all_cons_columns
where owner=DBO
order by Constraint_Name, Position


-------------------------------------------- Access ----------------------------------------------------
//Access中的系统表MSysobjects存储属性的字段是二进制格式,不能直接分析
//可以采用ADO自带的OpenSchema方法获得相关信息

//use ADOInt.pas
//po: TableName
//DBCon:TADOConnection
/ds:TADODataSet

--表信息
DBCon.OpenSchema(siTables, VarArrayOf([Null, Null, Table]), EmptyParam, ds);

--列信息
DBCon.OpenSchema(siColumns, VarArrayOf([Null, Null, po]), EmptyParam, ds);

--主键
DBCon.OpenSchema(siPrimaryKeys, EmptyParam, EmptyParam, ds);


--主键、外键对照
DBCon.OpenSchema(siForeignKeys, EmptyParam, EmptyParam, ds);

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郑重声明:本文版权归原作者所有,转载文章仅为传播更多信息之目的,如作者信息标记有误,请第一时间联系我们修改或删除,多谢。

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